Wrinkles And Fine Lines: Types, Causes, and Prevention

Wrinkles And Fine Lines: Types, Causes, and Prevention

Aging is a natural process. Many changes take place in the human body as we age. Wrinkles appear on human skin when internal and external factors deteriorate and deform body cells.

This deformation of cells causes wrinkles and fine lines. These factors impact body cells differently, which is why wrinkles appear earlier in some parts of the body, like on the face and neck. The wrinkles and fine lines are the result of this deformation.

Wrinkles and Fine Lines

The term ‘fine’ refers to thin or small, and ‘lines’ means creases. Fine lines are tiny creases or lines that appear initially on the face, then hands, neck, and other body parts. These lines are hardly visible and easily reversible if treated on time.

Wrinkles are the deep and comparatively hard lines to cure and reverse. These can be differentiated with different names like dry lines, lip lines, forehead lines, frown lines, nasolabial lines, and gravitational folds.

Types of Wrinkles and Fine Lines

Laugh Lines:

The parenthesis around the mouth, starting from the nose and going down to the lips, are called laugh lines.

Crows Feet:

The wrinkles and fine lines on the eyes' outer side are called crows feet.

Nasolabial Lines:

The laugh lines that start from the nasal area and surround the lip area are called nasolabial lines.

Expression Lines:

The wrinkles formed by constant facial expressions are expression lines.

Frown Lines:

The frown line is another common type of wrinkles and fine lines. These are also called worry lines. They have a resemblance to the number “11” between two eyebrows.

Dynamic Lines:

The deeper wrinkles formed after a repetition of one facial expression are termed dynamic lines.

Gravitational Folds:

The deep wrinkles are formed when both factors work gradually, time+gravity. Gravitational pull also impacts the overall skin, resulting in the gravitational lines. They usually occur in the jowls, eyelids, and chin area.

Important Link: Most Effective Home Remedies For Wrinkles

How do wrinkles and fine lines form?

Initially, wrinkles and fine lines appear as shallow and unnoticeable creases. These tiny creases can be easily removed with a persistent mild skincare routine. For example, moisturizing skin properly from time to time can significantly help eliminate these fine lines.

But, if they are not taken care of, they can become more profound and even more challenging to get rid of because these fine lines become deep wrinkles.

Reasons Behind The Formation of Wrinkles and Fine Lines

Several factors are responsible for the wrinkles and fine lines. These can be internal factors or external ones. Some of the fundamental intrinsic and extrinsic aspects of wrinkles are discussed below.

1. Aging

Aging generally refers to the deterioration of skin cells. This deformation can be bifurcated into two parts;

Chronological Aging: Chronological aging means the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines as we age with time. (mainly caused by internal factors like reduction of collagen, diminishing absorption of skin-supportive vitamins, dehydration, and the lack of skin elasticity.)

Photoaging Aging: When wrinkles and fine lines become visible before the standard age, it is called photoaging. (caused by external factors like frequent sun exposure, flawed living style, unhealthy eating habits, stress, and usage of wrong beauty products.)

Before and after portrait of mature woman retouched

2. Excessive Sun Exposure

The main reason behind the formation of Wrinkles and fine lines is excessive exposure to the Sun. When we get exposed to the sun, it causes severe skin-related problems. The sun's rays contain UVA, UVB, and UVC rays.

UVC is the type of sunray that cannot penetrate the Earth’s surface, whereas UVA and UVB are the most damaging ones that badly impact and deform the skin cells. Exposed areas of skin like the face, hands, neck, and feet are most likely to be damaged as they are more exposed to the sun. 

Smiley woman outdoors in the sun covering her face

Secondly, the face and neck are the most vulnerable parts of human skin. It has a thin texture easily deformed by harsh sun rays. This is why our under-eye area and neck show aging signs in the form of wrinkles and fine lines first, followed by the other parts of the body.

UVA causes aging as these rays have more wavelength and can deeply penetrate the skin and damage skin cells. On the contrary, UVB causes skin burns.

3. Dehydration

Woman drinking water after exercise

Dehydration means a lack of moisture in the body. The human body requires water daily (at least 1.5-2 liters). Lack of water in the body also causes Wrinkles and Fine lines because it internally gets dry. This internal dryness starts showing its results on the face gradually.

Initially, dehydration appears in fine lines (shallow and easily reversible), but gradually, these lines change into wrinkles (more profound and more stubborn).

4. Chronological Aging

Chronological aging is another factor that increases Wrinkles and Fine lines.  As we age, our body starts behaving differently. With time, the body is less likely to produce collagen (a protein responsible for skin elasticity and overall skin health).

As we age, our skin loses its strength and elastin. Gravity also impacts the skin because it loses its strength to hold firmly with the bones—this loss of firmness results in sagging skin and wrinkles on the face.

5. Unhealthy Dietary Choices

Close up on woman having a wholesome sweet meal

Unhealthy dietary choices also cause Wrinkles and fine Lines. The human body requires different micro and macronutrients to keep the skin healthy and supple. 

These nutrients can play a crucial role in maintaining skin health. Vitamins, minerals, proteins, and carbs are all integral to keeping the skin healthy. 

If the body is not getting adequate Vitamins and minerals, it will start showing wrinkles and fine lines. Vitamin A, vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin B-3, and vitamin K are all integral to keeping skin in good condition.

6. Environmental Factors

Environmental factors also contribute to wrinkles and Fine Lines. Environmental pollution causes wrinkles by damaging the skin with smoke, dust, hydrocarbons, and other harmful particles in the air.

Sun’s harmful radiations like UVA and UVB penetrate the skin, causing burning and aging. Lack of moisture content in the air (particularly in dry weather like winters) directly impacts skin health, leading to premature aging, wrinkles, and fine lines.

Important Link: Best Ways To Reduce Premature Skin Aging

7. Repeated Facial Expressions

Repeated facial expressions also cause wrinkles and Fine Lines. For example, frown lines and laugh lines. These lines are comparatively complex to get rid of. These wrinkles are usually caused in the later stages of aging, like 40s, 50s, etc.

8. Smoking

Cigarettes smoking habbit

Smoking also becomes a cause of wrinkles and fine lines. The toxins in smoke can impact capillaries, leading to less oxygen supply to delicate parts of the body, which have tiny vessels for blood supply. Smoking not only causes wrinkles and deep lines but also triggers skin sagging.

9. Stress

Nervous stressed female student feeling headache studying in cafe

Wrinkles and fine lines are another contributor, which is stress. Anyone suffering from mental disorders is likely to develop more skin-related problems like wrinkles.

When stressed, our body secretes a hormone called ‘Cortisol.’ Excessing this hormone badly impacts collagen (a protein responsible for skin firmness and elasticity), eventually leading to wrinkles and fine lines.

10. Physical Inactivity

Physical inactivity and unhealthy living patterns can cause Wrinkles and Fine Lines. Less activities and more time with electronic gadgets like computers and laptops slow down overall blood circulation. Slowing blood circulation means that less oxygen will be supplied to the body, and Less oxygen to the skin causes wrinkles and fine lines.

11. Usage of Harsh Chemicals

Applying harsh chemicals on the skin can severely damage the upper skin layer (dermis). These chemicals make the skin thinner and more prone to inflammation and skin-related problems.

Once harsh chemicals are applied to the skin, they form wrinkles and fine lines by ripping off the natural oils and overall skin health.

12. Inadequate Sleep

To avoid wrinkles and fine lines, adequate sleep is a must. Physicians recommend 7-8 hours of sleep every night to keep skin fresh and healthy. Lack of sleep shows signs of aging, like wrinkles, dullness, fatigue, and roughness.

Moreover, during sleep, our body gets time to repair and rejuvenate the skin. In the rest position, our skin is repaired internally. However, lack of sleep can cause wrinkles and dullness.

Important Link: Best ways to Reduce Fine Lines and Skin Aging

How To Prevent Wrinkles and Fine Lines

1. Apply Sunscreen

Application of sunscreen is the best way to prevent wrinkles and fine lines. Sunblock is an essential element in the cosmetics industry. It can be bifurcated into Mineral and Chemical Sunblock.

All the exposed body parts, like the face, hands, neck, and feet, are vulnerable and must be taken care of against the sun’s radiation. Applying an appropriate sunblock like VINCE’s sunblock is highly recommended to fight against harmful rays.

UVA & UVB Protector SPF (50)

2. Hydrate Properly

Another solution to avoid wrinkles and fine lines is to hydrate your body properly. 6-8 glasses of water should be taken to fulfill the physical requirements. This will also help to get an inside-out beauty.

3. Use Retinoids

Retinoids are taken as anti-aging agents in the skincare industry. They have magical properties to combat aging signs like wrinkles and fine lines. According to research, Vitamin A and its derivatives are the most studied and widely used in the skincare industry. 

Persistent use of Retinoids in the form of serum like VINCE’s Retinol serum can help to reduce aging signs like wrinkles and fine lines.

best retinol serum in uae

4. Use Hyaluronic Acid

The cosmetics industry has made it possible to reduce wrinkles and fine lines even in the 50s, 60s, and 70s. Hyaluronic acid serum can help to retain moisture on the skin by locking 1000 times more moisture than its molecular weight.

VINCE’s hyaluronic acid serum has a tiny molecular formula that can easily absorb into the skin cells and soften and hydrate the skin.

Hyaluronic Acid Serum

5. Moisturize Skin

Another best treatment for wrinkles and fine lines on the face is to moisturize your skin properly. Choose cream or lotion according to the season and skin type. I prefer water-based and thick moisturizers in dry seasons like winter. Hydrating cream by VINCE can be the best choice for winter.

Soft & Glow (Hand & Foot Whitening Lotion)

6. Avoid Harsh Chemicals

To eliminate wrinkles and fine lines, harsh chemicals, like ammonia, must be used on the face to stop it outright. Facial skin is the most delicate part of human skin. The skin starts showing signs of aging from this part. Harmful chemicals can badly alter the skin texture by removing the upper skin layer. 

Using paraben-free and sulfate-free products, like VINCE’s, can help keep the skin healthy.

7. Quit Smoking

Quitting smoking can also help to prevent wrinkles and fine lines from the skin. The chemicals inhaled during smoking can directly impact the elastin in the body, resulting in wrinkles and skin sagging. This practice helps to increase blood flow in the body. Increasing oxygen levels in the tiny facial vessels can reduce fine lines from the face.

8. Collagen Supplements

Collagen is a critical factor that keeps the skin healthy and firm. To prevent wrinkles and fine lines, collagen supplements can be beneficial. They give a boost to the skin from the inside and make the skin elastic. This elasticity helps reduce wrinkles and fine lines. Collagen-rich food also helps in keeping skin wrinkle-free. However, consult a doctor before incorporating the use of supplements.

9. Exercise Regularly

Regular workouts can help immensely in the prevention of wrinkles and fine lines. Exercise increases the blood circulation in the body. Increased circulation means fresh blood, particularly the face, is supplied to the body. This practice results in reduced wrinkles and fine lines.

10. Healthy Diet

A healthy diet rich in vitamins, proteins, antioxidants, and minerals can reduce wrinkles and fine lines.

  • Fresh fruits and green leafy vegetables can benefit overall health and skin.
  • Green leafy vegetables are rich in Vitamins and antioxidants.
  • Nuts contain the necessary minerals that keep skin healthy.  
  • Thus, a healthy diet is the foremost thing for beautiful skin.

11. Maintain a Comprehensive Skincare Routine

Maintaining a good skincare routine can help prevent wrinkles and fine lines. Proper cleansing, exfoliation, toning, moisturizing, and serums can help reduce wrinkles and fine lines. However, persistence in skincare practice is a must to get the desired results. With persistence, achieving beauty goals is possible. So, a specific skincare routine must be followed persistently.

VINCE offers a full range of skincare products to help maintain good skin and boost beauty.

12. Stress Management

Stress and mental illness can contribute to the formation of wrinkles and fine lines. Maintaining good mental health is essential for avoiding skin-related issues like wrinkles and fine lines. Some central stress management practices are Yoga, Physical exercises, and Meditation.

13. Facial Yoga and Exercises

Facial exercises and face yoga have proven to reduce wrinkles and fine lines. Facial exercise also helps in keeping the skin muscles firm and tight. This firmness of muscles leaves no room for wrinkles and fine lines to form.

Just like other body parts, facial exercises increase the blood circulation of narrow facial vessels. When more oxygenated blood is supplied to the skin, it will not allow the skin to form wrinkles and fine lines.


Wrinkles and fine lines are not something to be afraid of; they are a part of the normal aging process. But, if you are a beauty freak, you might feel uncomfortable with visible wrinkles as they make you look older and unattractive. If this is the case, you can easily prevent or reverse them by having a simple but consistent skincare routine. It will not only help you to look better at a young age but also help you to look much more attractive at a mature age.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. How do I prevent wrinkles and fine lines on my face?

To prevent wrinkles and fine lines, adopt an age-appropriate skincare practice. Hydrate your body, apply sunscreen on all the exposed parts of the body, use good moisturizer, apply Hyaluronic acid serum twice or thrice a day( in dry seasons), and maintain a healthy diet. This will help you to prevent wrinkles and fine lines on your face.

Q2. What is the best treatment for fine lines and wrinkles?

After the occurrence of wrinkles and fine lines, topical application can help reduce this problem. Application of retinoids, moisturization, proper cleansing, exfoliation of dead skin cells (for cell turnover), exercise, healthy diet, and stress management are the factors that contribute to the prevention of wrinkles and fine lines.

Q3. What is the treatment for fine lines?

To treat fine lines, use sunscreen. Regularly use a good moisturizer that contains hyaluronic acid and retinoids to prevent fine lines. Besides that, drink plenty of water, eat healthy food, and moisturize your skin properly.